Integrative Medicine in Pediatric and Adolescent Oncology: An Overview for the Nurse and Nurse Practitioner (008)
Integrative medicine combines mainstream medical therapies with complementary therapies for which there is high quality scientific evidence of safety and effectiveness. In the setting of active treatment for children and adolescents with cancer, it consists primarily of complementary therapies intended to support general health or to limit specific treatment related toxicity. Numerous modalities may fall within this category, including dietary modification, nutrient and botanical supplements or applications, guided imagery, aromatherapy, acupuncture, and massage. It is estimated that 30–70% of pediatric patients use integrative medicine strategies; since this is by parental report, many studies likely underestimate their use.